Logical Reasoning Test Skills

To develop goods skills for logical reasoning tests you must become thoroughly familiar with main test taking tactics and strategies. You must gain understanding of principles and logic of these assessments in order to answer test questions quickly and accurately. Immerse yourself into regular practice and you will develop required skills. The below section briefly summarises the key skills you need to develop during your practice to pass logical reasoning tests. You may also view related tutorial on how to improve in logical reasoning tests which will provide you with tips to make most of your practice.


Inductive reasoning skills

Logical reasoning tests that consist of abstract items will require you to code the items and search for rules that transform one item into another. To do well in these assessments you need to develop good inductive abilities as most of the challenges are related to inductive reasoning. For example, on a daily bases you may draw assumptions of how someone may act or what the weather will be like. All of these are regarded as inferences of induction that help you to manage uncertainty. In other words, you draw conclusions beyond the information given.

In terms of logical reasoning, these tests will be made up of abstract items to present different types of patterns. It will be your task to identify connections and relationships to infer what abstract image might come next in the sequence. A good example to demonstrate this is presented below. Take no more than 30 seconds to find the tile that comes next in the series. You may start working now.


Did you mark the correct answer as A? If not don’t fret you will improve with more practice. Note the below sequence follows rather simple rule. If all diamonds in the heptagon are black then the next heptagon with diamond in it must be black. Similarly, if white circle moves by three places clockwise then the white circle in the next step of the series must be moved accordingly. So, you can conclude that the correct answer must be A. Remember, induction is not about guessing but rather it has a rational basis in an idea or in observation of existing events.


Deductive reasoning skills

Logical tests not only evaluate your inductive skill but also deductive skills. Deductive reasoning refers to top down logic. In other words deductive reasoning refers to arriving at conclusion by analysing events and narrowing down the number of possibilities to reach the final conclusion. For example, to identify particular code you need to focus your attention and evaluate each item in systematic and constructive way. You need to search for underlying rules of patterns, evaluate your findings and condense your observations to reach the final outcome. Hence, to do well at logical reasoning tests you must develop good critical thinking abilities and focus your attention to examine the premises strategically and methodically in order to encode, infer and transform attributes of each item.